The hottest Petrochemical alternative raw material

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The development of petrochemical alternative raw materials launched a global competition

"if all mankind lives in accordance with the current energy consumption mode of Americans, there must be six earths to provide 6.2 colors: randomly select 36 gray sand bricks from the batch, place them flat on the ground, and under natural light, visually check at a distance of 1.5m from the sample to see if there is a significant color difference in the energy people need." Amy, director of CMR, a well-known international chemical consulting company in the United States, recently emphasized the urgency of energy demand when attending the 2012 global petrochemical alternative raw materials Summit Forum held in Beijing. In the post petroleum era, it is urgent to develop alternative petrochemical raw materials to meet people's growing consumption demand for energy. The consensus on energy issues also makes the development of petrochemical alternative raw materials an important step in the future energy strategy for all countries in the world

at present, the petrochemical alternative raw materials being developed in various countries mainly include coal (new coal chemical industry), unconventional natural gas, biomass energy and other renewable chemicals. Swanmai is most optimistic about bio based energy products. He pointed out that biomass energy, as a substitute for petrochemical energy, is crucial for mankind to reduce dependence on fossil energy and achieve sustainable development in the future. Although biomass energy is still facing many problems such as large-scale development of technical bottlenecks, complex raw material supply chain, and low quality of biomass products compared with petrochemical products, with the passage of time and technological innovation and breakthroughs, biomass energy will be the last to laugh

in the past, limited by technology, biomass energy was not competitive with crude oil, and the development of biomass energy also involved the sensitive issue of competing with people for food. Now, the technology of using starch, hemicellulose, cellulose, lignin, vegetable oil and protein to produce basic chemical raw materials has made great breakthroughs; The technology of producing syngas from biomass is gradually mature, and then it can be made into methanol, mixed alcohol, higher alcohol, carbonyl synthesis products, Fischer Tropsch synthesis liquid and other chemical products. Economy has become the main factor hindering the development of biomass energy

because of this, many countries around the world have given strong support to the development of biomass energy. According to in joochin, a professor at Incheon University in South Korea and Secretary General of the Korean biodegradation Association, in the next few years, the Ministry of science and technology of South Korea will invest $200million in a special fund to encourage cutting-edge biomass research and development projects, including the development of personalized and efficient biomass, biomass that can be produced and harvested on a large scale, and the development of biofuel and biomaterial conversion technologies. In July this year, the Korean Ministry of knowledge economy will also release an updated comprehensive strategic plan for the Korean biochemical industry, committed to establishing a unified certification standard for biochemical products, including Bio based plastics. South Korea aims to become the fourth largest country of biofuels and biomaterials in the world by 2019

several large enterprises in South Korea have now actively participated in the biomass energy industry. Samsung Group implemented a series of measures in 2011, including establishing a joint venture with the world's largest pharmaceutical company, quintal, to carry out biopharmaceutical business; SK group began to carry out marine biological business as early as 2008; LG Group is increasing its research on biosimilar drugs and has established a biosimilar pharmaceutical factory in Wusong biological Valley, South Korea. 1. New energy vehicle materials

Germany is currently one of the countries with the highest biomass energy utilization rate in the plastic machinery industry in the world, which will increase by more than 12% on average every year, thanks to its introduction of a series of laws and regulations to support the development of biomass energy. For example, the biomass regulations, which came into force on June 28, 2001, and the renewable energy law, which was promulgated in 2004, include financial support provisions for biomass (including biological waste) power generation. In April, 2009, Germany issued the national biomass energy action plan, which proposed that by 2020, the proportion of biomass energy in all primary energy and terminal energy consumption in Germany should reach 11% and 10.9%. From 2011 to 2014, the Federal Ministry of agriculture of Germany invested 180million euros to support biomass energy technology research

in China, in order to reduce the dependence on imported crude oil, new coal chemical industry has become an important breakthrough, and coal has become the main substitute of petrochemical raw materials. China is rich in coal reserves, relatively cheap, and equipped with relatively complete waterway transportation and port facilities, coal as an alternative raw material has the economy. However, swanmay also pointed out that using coal as an alternative raw material for petrochemical industry still faces a series of challenges: first, the investment and operation costs of new coal chemical industry are very high, which often requires tens of billions of yuan of investment, and faces certain investment risks; Second, the fluctuation of international energy prices makes the economy of new coal chemical projects uncertain; Third, with the increasing emission standards of carbon dioxide and pollutants, the capture and treatment of carbon dioxide will significantly increase the production cost of coal chemical projects; Fourth, the shortage of water resources also has a certain impact on the implementation of the project; Fifth, new coal chemical technologies such as direct coal liquefaction and methanol to olefins are still in the early application stage, and there may be technical obstacles to further expand the scale of the unit

in the United States and the Middle East, unconventional natural gas has become an important alternative raw material for petrochemical industry. Especially in the United States, shale gas, one of unconventional natural gas, has shown vigorous vitality. In the past five years, shale gas production in the United States has increased more than 20 times. In 2009, with an output of 624billion cubic meters, the United States surpassed Russia for the first time to become the world's first natural gas producer

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